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江苏省盐城市盐都区 2018-2019 学年八年级英语上学期开学摸底试题
（ ）1. Jac k is ______ 8-year-old boy. He often collects things for
（ ）2. — Sally, may I use your iPad? ______ is broken. — OK, here you
（ ）3. I always believe that ______ is difficult if we try our best to
A. something B. anything
C. everything D. nothing
（ ）4. My brother kept on ______TV for about three hours.
（ ）5. We_______ any classes if it ______ snowy tomorrow.
D. to watch
A. isn’t going to be; is going to be
B. aren’t going to have; is
C. aren’t going to be; is
D. isn’t going to have; is going to be
（ ）6.—Excuse me ,______ is it from the nearest post office ?— Only ten minutes’ walk.
A. how long
B. how much
C. how many
（ ）7.Alice is ______ short ______ the things on the table.
D. how far
A. too, to see
B. too, not to see
C. so, to see D. too
much, to see
（ ）8.Pets are our best friends. I think goldfish are ______．
A. easily to look after C. easily to look after them
B. easy to look after D. easy to look after them
（ ）9.—You mustn’t swim here. Look at the sign. It _________“No swimming”.
—Oh, I___________ notice it. Thanks for telling me.
A. says; don’t
B. writes; don’t C. says; didn’t D.
writes; didn’t （ ）10. Beijing is one of ________ in the world.
A. the most beautiful countries
B. the most beautiful cities
C. the very beautiful cities
D. the very beautiful countries
（ ）11. Jacky is so careless. He _______ my books and pens ________ the floor when he walked past my desk just now.
A. turned；over B. knocked；onto C. knocked；over
D. turn ed；onto
（ ）12. —I will have an important match tomorrow. I hope I will wi n.—________.
A. Good luck B. No idea
C. That's such a pity D. It's all right
（ ）13.________readers came to the bookshop but only ________ got the book.
A. Thousands of; two hundred
B. Thousand of; two hundreds
C. Thousands of ; two hundreds
D. Thousand of; two hundred
（ ）14. —I can use a paper to make a flower. —You are great. But I can make a bird ________
（ ）15. Tom ________the teacher, “I won’t be late again.”
C. replyed to
D. replied to
When I was young, my mother always spent lots of time sitting behind a sewing machine(缝
纫机). For all three children in our family, she made all the 16 with a happy look on her
It looked so 17 for my mom to make them. But the first time I tried to make something,
I just 18 do it. I worked too quickly and when I finished, it looked bad. Soon I just gave
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This summer, I really wanted to make a dress to 19 at a party. So I picked out some nice
cloth and found a nice style in a book. I got 20 excited about sewing that I couldn’t even
sleep. I couldn’t wait to begin. I started early the next morning. My mom was having a meeting,
so if I had questions, there could be 21 to ask.
I did my sewing slowly and carefully, and I tried to do everything 22 . When I was sewing
the front, I made the neck too small. 23 the rest was fine. “I finally made it!” I finished
two hours later. And it fit! For the first time, I could wear something I had made with my own
Later, I made some more clothes for myself. Now, I’m doing better and better. So, if you
want to learn something, my 25 is, never stop trying when you can’t do it well.
16. A. money
17. A. easy
18. A. couldn’t
19. A. offer
20. A. such
21. A. no one
22. A. different
23. A. So
24. A. eyes
25. A. advice
There are two mice, Bill and Paul. They are good friends. One mouse lives in
the country, the other mouse lives in the city. On a sunny day they meet in the
Paul: Hi, Bill! Have a look at my house in the country. I’m sure you can enjoy
Bill: I’d love to. But I hear that the food is not delicious, and your house
is not good. Is it so?
Paul: No, that’s not true. Go and see!
Then Bill goes to the countryside with Paul.
Bill: Why do you live in a hole in the field? You should come and live in the city. You would
live in a nice house made of stone (石头). You would have better food to eat. You must come and
see me at my house in the city.
Paul: Thanks! Maybe you are right. I’ll visit your house one day.
Several days later Paul goes to Bill’s house in the city. The house is big and beautiful.
They are sitting in the sitting-room, having a big dinner comfortably. Suddenly, there was a
Bill: Run! Run! The cat is coming!
Paul: Oh, no! It’s terrible (可怕的)! Both the house and the food are nice, but I do not
like living in the city. I enjoy living in my hole in the field, for it is nicer to be poor but
happy than to be rich but afraid.
( )26. What’s the relationship (关系) between Bill and Paul?
A. They are friends.
B. They are cousins.
C. They are brothers.
D. They are neighbors.
( )27. Where does Bill live?
A. In the hole.
B. In the country.
C. In the city.
( )28. What does the underlined word “several” mean?
B. A few.
C. A little.
( )29. Why does Paul hate living in the city ?
A. Because he likes to be rich.
B. Because he likes to be
C. Because he enjoys happiness.
D. Because the house in the city is big and
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beautiful. ( )30. Which is the best title of the story?
A. The City Mouse and the Country Mouse
B. Two Good FriendsC. Two
D. The Country and the City
The Beets were a new couple (夫妇). The things in their rooms, such as the television, the
computer, the fridge, furniture and so on, were all left by their parents. They only paid some
money for their food and clothes. But they tried their best to save money. If they had something
important to tell their friends, they always visited them instead of calling them.
One day, it was a quarter past nine. Mr. Beet didn’t come back. His wife was a little worried.
The supper was cold and she had already waited for two hours. She was sitting by the table in
the dark room.
Suddenly the woman heard someone coming upstairs. It was her husband’s step. She hurried
to open the door. In the dark she could hear his deep breathing(呼吸). As soon as he sat down,
she turned on the light and found he looked very tired.
“Why do you come back so late, dear?” asked the woman. “Haven’t you caught a bus?”
“Yes, but I didn’t take it.” “Why not?”
“I ran after it so that I saved two dollars this evening.”
“That’s great!” the woman said happily. “Run after a taxi next time and you’ll save both
more time and money.”
（ ）31. The supper was ready at ________ .
（ ）32. Mrs. Beet sat in the dark because ___________
A. she wanted to save money.
B. she didn’t like the bright light.
C. she was afraid to be seen.
D. she wanted to have a good rest.
（ ）33. Mr. Beet went back ________.
A. by taxi
B. by bus
C. on foot
D. by bike
（ ）34. When Mr. Beet got home that evening, __________ .
A. his wife was angry with him
B. he was very tired
C. he was too hungry to say a word
D. his wife felt sorry
（ ）35. Mrs. Beet hoped _______________ .
A. her husband went home by bus the next time. B. her husband could keep on doing
B. her husband could be stronger and stronger.
D. her husband could save more
money and time.
四、阅读与回答问题，每题答案不超过 8 个单词。（10’）
Finn began to pull great slabs（石头等硬物的块）of rock off the cli ff(悬崖）. He threw them
into the water to make a path. The slabs were heavy, and it was a long way from Ireland to Scotland.
It took Finn a week to finish the causeway. He threw down the last slabs late one night, and
then walked back over the causeway to his cave.
“I’m tired. I’m going to bed now. I need to get some strength before I face Benandonner,”
Finn told Oonagh.
In the morning, Oonagh woke early. She went outside because someone was making a lot of noise.
Benandonner was walking over the causeway, shouting, “I’m coming to get you, Finn.”
Oonagh could see that Benandonner was much bigger than Finn. She rushed in to warn(警告）
Finn, but he was still asleep. Oonagh knew that Finn was so tired he might lose (失败）the fight.
36.How long did it take Finn to finish the causeway?
37.Was it a long way from Ireland to Scotland?
38.What did Finn use to make a path?
39.Why did Oonagh wake early?
40.Who was bigger, Finn or Benandonner?
五、任务型阅读（10’） 阅读下列短文，根据短文内容填写表格 (每空限填一词)
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Few children grow up without knowing or having a toy bear, but how much do you know about bears' life?
How do bears get food? Some large bears have claws(瓜子) about five inches long. They use the claws to dig up roots(根) and catch fish. In the snow, a polar bear (北极熊) sometimes puts its white claws over its nose and mouth. In this way, it isn't easy for other small animals to find it. Then it can get those animals for dinner easily. What do bears eat? Most bears eat roots and leaves of plants. Some bears also eat meat when they can get it easily. Polar bears like eating meat from seals(海豹). What do you know about baby bears? Black bears like sleeping in winter. And baby bears are usually born then. The babies are only a few hundred grams(克) at birth. But they grow quickly. A week later, the babies can open their eyes. And when spring comes, they are big enough to go up to trees for fun!
About Bears' 41
How do bears get 42?
The claws of some large bears are about43 inches long. They use the claws to dig up roots and catch44.
It's 45 for other small animals to find polar hears when they put their claws over their noses and mouths.
46 do bears eats?
Roots, leaves of plants and meat.
What do you know about 47 bears?
They are usually 48 in winter.
They grow 49 and are big enough to go up to trees in 50.
41. __________42. __________ 43. __________ 44. __________ 45. __________ 46. __________47. __________ 48. __________ 49. __________ 50. __________ 六、词汇（10’） 51. There is no_____________without fire. (烟) 52. We shouldn’t ___________(抱怨) too much. 53. Thank you for __________(邀请)me to your evening party. 54. In April, _____________ (百万) of people joined in Yangzhou Marathon Race(马拉松比赛). 55. I told Mary everything because she can keep_____________. (秘密) 56. The tree is at _____________10 meters tall. (little) 57. Look, how_____________ (careful) the children are drawing! 58. English is not too difficult but we should find a good way ________(learn) it. 59. --- Which is the __________ (twelve) month in a year? --- December. 60. Mary said to __________(she), “I can do it. I can.” 七、首字母填空（10’）
A mother planted many kinds of vegetables in her garden. One day, she said to her daughter, “Betey, come here. Look at all these little yellow marks（斑点）on the l61 of the cabbages. They are e62 of a kind of insect. They are very beautiful but very b63 for cabbages. This afternoon you must l64 for all the eggs on the leaves and kill them. In this way, you will h65 us have better, greener and bigger cabbages.
Betty didn’t think s he could do it at once and in the end she f66 all about it. The mother fell ill for a few days and couldn’t work in her garden. When she was w67, she took Betty with her to the garden to see the cabbages. To her surprise, the insects ate up every leaf. When Betty saw this, she b68 to cry. Then her m69 said to her, “we should never put off（推迟）what we have to do today till t70. And you must learn to deal（处理）with the bad things while they a re
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small, or it will turn into a big problem.” 61.__________ 62.__________ 63. .__________ 64. .__________ 65. .__________ 66._____ ____ 67. __________68. .__________ 69. .__________ 70. .__________
八、书面表达（15’） 假设你是李华，你的美国笔友 Steven 发来一封电子邮件，询问你的暑假生活，请根据以下提示，给
他回复邮件。 My summer vacation
Did outdoor activities
did some cycling; ...
cooked for parents
3.开头和结尾已经给出，不计入总词数； 4.词数控制在 80 词左右。
In your last e-mail, you asked me about my summer vacation. Now let me tell you.
What about your summer vacation? I’m looking forward to your e-mail! Yours, Li Hua